The development of table tennis in Russia

In the early 19th century among the intelligentsia of Moscow and St. Petersburg expanded playing shuttlecock outdoors.


Played with strings and rackets ball with feathers, which is sometimes replaced with gutta-percha, and later a rubber ball.


In autumn and winter played indoors. Where the game is a sort of tennis on the floor. Then there was a ball game on two tables that will be at a distance from one another. Armed with wooden playing rounders and alternately interrupted the ball through an opening between the tables. Later moved the tables, and instead of the space separating them, there was a net. Uniform certain rules of the game were not.


And in 1860 in St. Petersburg opened club "Cricket and Lawn Tennis." But young people still continued to play their favorite game: shuttlecock, rounders, tambourine. Playing in the round tambourine racket without a handle, resembling a tambourine, a few similar to tennis. To a certain extent it is a precursor to a ping-pong table, at that time called tennis on the table. In the late 90s ping pong has become very popular in private homes Moscow, St. Petersburg, Odessa, Yalta and other cities.


Prior to 1914, played ping pong rubber ball. On the rim of the racket instead of strings stretched thin wire, and later the skin. The play was adapted for home and carried on large sliding oak dining table.


During the First World War, ping-pong craze has weakened considerably, and only in the 20's interest in the game began to grow. The content of the game has changed dramatically. Were defined rules of the game, set the size of Tables (length 275 cm, width 150 cm, height 75 cm) and the height of the grid (17 cm from the surface of the table).


In the same period the old rackets have been replaced with plywood, their form has changed, the weight diminished nearly tripled. New grip demanded shorter handles. There have been several kinds of rubber, which papered racket. All this had an impact on the development of techniques of the game. The game became so fascinating that it began to play, not only in Europe but also in America, Australia and Asia.


The rapid development of the game led to the fact that in January 1926 in Berlin at the first international competition was held the meeting at which the decision was made: to entrust the Table Tennis Federation of England to host the next international competition and to propose the establishment of the International Table Tennis Federation.


At the end of that year in London held an international competition and Table Tennis European Championships, during the first of which was convened by the Congress of the International Table Tennis Federation, who has decided to recognize these events (after the fact) I World Table Tennis Championships.


In the former USSR game of table tennis was the most popular in the the 30s. Played literally everything from small to large: in schools, in universities, in industry and recreation parks. In the autumn of 1945 created a section of table tennis at the Moscow Committee for Physical Culture and Sports, and the first match between the teams of Moscow was organized in the autumn of 1946.


In February 1948, approved the new rules of the competition, in accordance with international.


From this point the height of the mesh is reduced to 15.25 cm.


Table expanded to 152.5 cm and the length is reduced to 274 cm. The former account tennis International replaced with a set 21 points in the each part. The duration of each party no more than 20 minutes.


In February 1950, was organized by the All-Union section of table tennis, and in the autumn of the same year in Moscow hosted the first All-Union tournament. In November 1951, Vilnius hosted the first individual championship of the USSR, which was attended by the strongest tennis players (64 men and 32 women).


In 1954, Soviet athletes entered in the International Table Tennis Federation and became involved in almost all European and world championships.


In the same year, the first international meeting in Moscow with a team of the GDR. Our women won, and the men lost the point of attack German tennis Schneider. This clearly showed that a purely defensive style of play has outlived its time.


In 1957-58 had greater odds on further development of table tennis.


European tennis players suffered defeat after defeat in meetings with athletes Asia. The collapse of the European defense-style game on the background of the rapid growth of mass table tennis all over the world has advanced one problem after another.


Europe is still the strongest tennis players continued to play still, and weaker thrown from one extreme to the other, not knowing who learn to imitate anyone.


In this difficult period, it was necessary to decide to start all over again. In a short time to try to overcome all differences and create a new theory, a new method of teaching and training, many of which have survived to this day.

According to the materials of the Internet

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